- Anne Orford, Preface
- Holly Cullen, Joanna Harrington & Catherine Renshaw, Experts, networks and international law
- Suzanne Akila, Networks of protection
- Pammela Quinn Saunders, Advancing the conversation: non-judicial voices and the transnational judicial dialogue
- Philipp Kastner, International peace mediators: the normative involvement of an epistemic community
- Josephine Toop, Multilateral environmental agreements and regional fisheries management organisations: experts, networks and global administrative law principles
- Cameron S. G. Jefferies, Institutional expertise: reconsidering the role of scientific experts in the international conservation and management of cetaceans
- Tahnee Prior, Engaging complexity: legalising international arctic environmental governance
- Hitomi Kimura, Environmental government networks with Asian examples
- Cecily Rose, Non-binding instruments and democratic accountability
- Kei Nakajima, Traditional and modern designs for an international law of sovereign debt restructuring: a way forward
- Masahiro Kurosaki, The fight against impunity for core international crimes: reflections on the contribution of networked experts to a regime of aggravated state responsibility
Sunday, February 26, 2017
- Focus: La Crisi Ucraina
- Vittorio Rocco di Torrepadula, La crisi ucraina: la ricerca di una soluzione sostenibile
- Gianfranco Tamburelli, The crisis in Ukraine
- Osservatorio Diritti Umani
- Salvatore Guzzi, L’incidenza della CEDU sull’eccezione dell’ordine pubblico
- Note e Commenti
- Elisabetta Mottese, La tutela “emersa” di un patrimonio sommerso: alcune riflessioni sulla protezione dei beni culturali subacquei nel diritto internazionale
- Gianfranco Gabriele, Osservazioni in tema di legislazioni nazionali sulle attività spaziali Nucera
With the resurgence of Asian nations such as China, current West-centric international law is changing in the twenty-first century. There is a pressing need to address these changes within international legal studies and overcome potential conflicts between existing and emerging powers. This structural transformation also demands a change in understanding of existing ideas and institutions. This book explores a 'trans-civilizational' approach to international law, supplementing and modifying two other prevalent perspectives: international and transnational. By considering these three layered viewpoints, this book highlights the complex phenomena surrounding the history and development of international law. The author also considers how international law operates and functions within diverse forums such as diplomatic negotiation, international organizations, and domestic political processes. This book will appeal to international law scholars and students, as well as those interested in the rise of non-Western powers and its impact on the prevalent ideas and institutions of the world.
Saturday, February 25, 2017
- Robert Kolb, L’initiative de l’UDC sur « l’autodétermination »
- Alessandro Pulvirenti, The overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom: Did international law permit the threat of the use of force?
- Marco Urban, Les compétences du Parlement européen au sein de la procédure de conclusion des accords internationaux
- Francesco Munari, The Perfect Storm on EU Asylum Law: The Need to Rethink the Dublin Regime
- Michele Nino, Il rapporto tra libertà di espressione e diritto d'autore: conside-razioni critiche alla luce della prassi nazionale ed internazionale
- Saverio Di Benedetto, La funzione ecologica della proprietà collettiva sulle terre ancestrali: un nuovo modello di rapporto tra diritti umani e tutela dell'ambiente?
- Laura Magi, Applicazione del "test" della protezione equivalente alle Nazioni Unite: nessun contributo dalla sentenza della Grande Camera della Corte europea nel caso "Al-Dulimi"
- Marina Mancini, La furia dell'ISIS contro le minoranze etniche e religiose: il genocidio degli yazidi
- Cosa (non) sono i diritti umani: un dibattito interdisciplinare
- Attilio Pisanò, Cosa i diritti umani (non) sono. Un dibattito tra diritto, filosofia e politica
- Carlo Focarelli, Il pianeta dei balocchi. A proposito della definizione dei diritti umani
- Andrea Simoncini, Contro il diritto 'ad una dimensione'. Cosa i diritti umani non sono
- Baldassare Pastore, Le ragioni dei diritti, i diritti come ragioni
- Andrea Caligiuri, La recente giurisprudenza costituzionale russa sui rapporti tra Convenzione europea dei diritti umani e ordinamento interno
- Federica Musso, La Corte di Cassazione e l'interpretazione del principio di "ne bis in idem" alla luce della Convenzione europea dei diritti umani
- Emanuele Sommario, La deroga turca alla Convenzione europea dei diritti umani ed il tentato colpo di stato del luglio 2016
- Rossana Palladino, 'Ravvicinamento' dello "status" di immigrato regolare e di cittadino europeo nella recente giurisprudenza della Corte di giustizia dell'Unione europea
Gathii & Ho: Regime Shifting of IP Law Making and Enforcement from the WTO to the International Investment Regime
This article provides new insight to regime shifting and regime complexes through one of the first detailed analysis of the regime shift in intellectual property law making and enforcement from the World Trade Organization to international investment law. Unlike prior cases of regime shifting that have predominantly focused on the efforts of States and NGOs creating counter-norms viz-a-viz those of the WTO’s TRIPS Agreement, the current regime shift is primarily engineered by multinational corporations seeking to destabilize TRIPS flexibilities through investor-state arbitration. Since defending these cases costs countries millions of dollars, this regime shift to investor state arbitration has a significant chilling effect on the regulatory authority of states. We argue and show that by bringing or threatening to bring investor-state litigation to protect their IP rights against countries seeking to protect public health, pharmaceutical and tobacco companies pose a serious threat to the sovereignty of countries to implement the TRIPS Agreement in a manner that balances IP rights against values such as access to affordable medicine. As a consequence this Article argues that this regime shift is significant not only for developing countries, but for developed countries, such as Canada, Australia, and members of the European Union as well. The last part of the article proposes solutions to the challenges that this regime shifting raises. The first set of proposals recommend defining and clarifying key terms in investment treaties to minimize harm to domestic sovereignty as well as to maximize flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement. The second set of proposals recommend improving the investment dispute process through a variety of reforms.
- Wayne Sandholtz & Christopher Whytock, The Politics of International Law
- Courtney Hillebrecht, Compliance: Actors, Context and Causal Processes
- Rachel Brewster, The Effectiveness of International Law and Stages of Governance
- David Sloss & Michael Van Alstine, International Law in Domestic Courts
- Kevin L. Cope, Treaty Law and National Legislative Politics
- Pierre-Hugues Verdier & Mila Versteeg, Modes of Domestic Incorporation of International Law
- Benjamin Faude & Thomas Gehring, Regime Complexes as Governance Systems
- Walter Mattli & Jack Seddon, The Power of the Implementers: Global Financial and Environmental Standards
- Mikael Rask Madsen, The European Court of Human Rights and the Politics of International Law
- Gregory Shaffer, Manfred Elsig & Sergio Puig, The Law and Politics of WTO Dispute Settlement
- Susan K. Sell, The Politics of International Intellectual Property Law
- Non-State Actors and Human Rights: Legalization and Transnational Regulation Suzanne Katzenstein
- Jordan J. Paust, The "War" on Terror and International Law
- William C. Banks, An Emerging International Legal Architecture for Cyber Conflict
- Anupam Chander, Who Runs the Internet?
- M.J. Peterson, Politics and Law in International Environmental Governance
Recent rulings in the ongoing litigation over the pari passu clause in Argentinian sovereign debt instruments have generated considerable controversy. Some official-sector participants and academic articles have suggested that the rulings will disrupt or impede future sovereign debt restructurings by encouraging holdout creditors to litigate for full payment instead of participating in negotiated exchange offers. This paper critically examines this claim by evaluating market reactions to litigation using an event study methodology. We analyze the effect on sovereign bonds from litigation events, with particular emphasis on Argentina for the period, 1993-2014. We find evidence that the market reacts differently to Argentina than in other countries.
Friday, February 24, 2017
- March 8, 2017: Kristina Daugirdas (Univ. of Michigan), Understanding the United Nations' Failure to Confront Sexual Violence by UN Peacekeepers
- April 10, 2017: B.S. Chimni (Jawaharlal Nehru Univ.), International Law Commission and Customary International Law: A Third World Perspective
- May 10, 2017: José E. Alvarez (New York Univ.), The Human Right to Property
- December 14, 2017: Jochen von Bernstorff (Tübingen Univ.), Cold War Interventionism and International Law
Although domestic law plays an important role in investment treaty arbitration, this issue is little discussed or analysed. When should investment treaty tribunals engage with domestic law? How should investment treaty tribunals resolve matters of domestic law? These questions have significant ramifications for both the legitimacy of the investment treaty system and the arbitral mandate of the tribunal members. Drawing on case law, international law principles, and comparative analysis, this book addresses these important issues.
Part I of the book examines three areas of investment law-the 'fair and equitable treatment' standard, expropriation, and remedies-in which the role of domestic law has so far been under-appreciated. It argues that tribunals are justified in drawing on domestic law as a relevant factor in their rulings on these three issues. Part II of the book examines how questions of domestic law should be resolved in investment arbitration. It proposes a normative framework for use by tribunals in ascertaining the contents of the domestic law to be applied. It then considers counter-arguments, exemptions, and exceptions to applying this framework, and it evaluates how tribunals have ruled on questions of domestic law to date.
Investment treaty arbitration has endured much criticism in recent times, partly over fears of its encroachment on sovereignty. The book ultimately contends that closer attention by tribunals to one of the principal expressions of a state's sovereignty-the elaboration of its domestic law-will reduce criticism of the field.
This book explores how international organizations (IOs) have expanded their powers over time without formally amending their founding treaties. IOs intervene in military, financial, economic, political, social, and cultural affairs, and increasingly take on roles not explicitly assigned to them by law. Sinclair contends that this 'mission creep' has allowed IOs to intervene internationally in a way that has allowed them to recast institutions within and interactions among states, societies, and peoples on a broadly Western, liberal model. Adopting a historical and interdisciplinary, socio-legal approach, Sinclair supports this claim through detailed investigations of historical episodes involving three very different organizations: the International Labour Organization in the interwar period; the United Nations in the two decades following the Second World War; and the World Bank from the 1950s through to the 1990s.
The book draws on a wide range of original institutional and archival materials, bringing to light little-known aspects of each organization's activities, identifying continuities in the ideas and practices of international governance across the twentieth century, and speaking to a range of pressing theoretical questions in present-day international law and international relations.
- Ahmed Mahiou, La Problématique des Relations Euromaghrébines
- Clovis Brigagão, Felipe Coimbra, & Silvia Alessandra, O Direito Internacional e o “Estado Islâmico”
- Jaana Braz Rodrigues, & Bruno de Oliveira Biazatti, Soberania e Direitos Humanos no Direito Internacional Contemporâneo
- Karen Alvarenga de Oliveira Windham-Bellord & Marcela Andrade de Assis Pereira, Como Inverter a Falácia das Regras de Comando-e-Controle no Combate à Caça e ao Comércio Ilegal de Animais Silvestres
- Laurent Sermet, L’Arme Nucléaire devant la Cour Internationale de Justice
- Leonardo Nemer Caldeira Brant & Bruno de Oliveira Biazatti, A Imunidade de Jurisdição dos Estados à Luz da Jurisprudência da Corte Europeia de Direitos Humanos e da Corte Internacional de Justiça
- Letícia Franco Maculan Assumpção, Análise de Caso Concreto de Pedido de Habilitação para Casamento de Pessoa Curatelada
- Mario Peña Chacón, Derecho Internacional Regulador del Libre Comercio y las Inversiones como Fundamento del Principio de Progresividad y Prohibición de Retroceso Ambiental
- Pierre A. Karrer, Selecting the Seat: Crossing a Minefield in the Fog
- Andréia Costa Vieira, International Law and Trade of Water
- Friedrich Kratochwil & Rodrigo Szuecs, The Enemy Criminal Law as the Legal Foundation of the War on Terror
- Isabel Penido de Campos Machado, Em cima do Muro: A Tortuosa “Justiciabilidade” dos Direitos Econômicos, Sociais e Culturais no Sistema Interamericano de Proteção dos Direitos Humanos
- Johan Meeusen & Miroslawa Myszke-Nowakowska, International Company Law in the European Internal Market: Three Decades of Judicial Activity
- Juan Pablo Pérez-León-Acevedo, Terrorism at Sea as a Manifestation of International Terrorism and Prosecutorial Mechanisms
- Leonardo Nemer Caldeira Brant & Bruno de Oliveira Biazatti, A Formação do Costume Internacional na Atualidade
- Michael Nunes Lawson, O Tribunal da SADC e Mike Campbell
- Patricia Grazziotin Noschang, A Importância do Princípio da Cooperação na Gestão dos Recursos Hídricos Transfronteiriços
- Tatiana de A. F. R. Cardoso Squeff, Compreendendo as Disputas Territoriais entre Chile-Peru-Bolívia perante a Corte Internacional de Justiça
- Valerio de Oliveira Mazzuoli, O Estado da Arte da Aplicação do Direito Internacional Público no Brasil no Alvorecer do Século XXI
Thursday, February 23, 2017
Rossi: A Case Ill Suited for Judgment: Constructing 'A Sovereign Access to the Sea' in the Atacama Desert
In 2015, the International Court of Justice ruled that Bolivia’s claim against Chile could proceed to the merit stage, setting up this Article’s discussion of perhaps the most intractable border dispute in South American history – Bolivia’s attempt to reclaim from Chile a ‘sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean’. This Article investigates the international law and deeply commingled regional history pertaining to the Atacama Desert region, the hyperarid yet resource-rich region through which Bolivia seeks to secure its long-lost access to the sea. Investigating the factual circumstances (effectivités), the post-colonial international legal principle of uti possidetis, territorial temptations arising from resource discoveries, and the duty to negotiate based on a pactum de contrahendo, a pactum de negotiando, or unilateral declarations, this Article concludes this case is less suited for adjudicative settlement than resolution by the principal three parties involved in the region – Bolivia, Chile, and Peru – primarily because the parties have, over the course of this protracted dispute, constructed intersubjective modalities for a shared sovereignty arrangement facilitated by sub-regional economic growth relations. A regional reconstruction of sovereignty in the northern Atacama region presents the better prospect for resolution than is possible through the limited outcomes presented by formal third party dispute settlement.
Recent revelations, by Edward Snowden and others, of the vast network of government spying enabled by modern technology have raised major concerns both in the European Union and the United States on how to protect privacy in the face of increasing governmental surveillance. This book brings together some of the leading experts in the fields of constitutional law, criminal law and human rights from the US and the EU to examine the protection of privacy in the digital era, as well as the challenges that counter-terrorism cooperation between governments pose to human rights. It examines the state of privacy protections on both sides of the Atlantic, the best mechanisms for preserving privacy, and whether the EU and the US should develop joint transnational mechanisms to protect privacy on a reciprocal basis. As technology enables governments to know more and more about their citizens, and about the citizens of other nations, this volume offers critical perspectives on how best to respond to one of the most challenging developments of the twenty-first century. - See more at: http://www.bloomsburyprofessional.com/uk/surveillance-privacy-and-trans-atlantic-relations-9781509905416/#sthash.n180UYkQ.dpuf
In einer Zeit rapider Urbanisierung werden Städte und Gemeinden zunehmend zu international relevanten Akteuren. Ob in Fragen der nachhaltigen Entwicklung und des Klimaschutzes, der Gewährleistung von Sicherheit oder zur Durchsetzung von Menschenrechten: Städte und Gemeinden haben zahlreiche internationale Netzwerke gegründet, kooperieren mit internationalen Organisationen und verschreiben sich der Durchsetzung völkerrechtlicher Normen. Helmut Philipp Aust untersucht diese Entwicklung und ordnet sie in die verfassungs- und verwaltungsrechtlichen Zusammenhänge ebenso ein wie in die völker- und europarechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen. Der Autor formuliert zugleich einen Beitrag zu einer zeitgemäßen Auslegung des Grundsatzes der kommunalen Selbstverwaltung, die diese internationale Bedingtheit städtischen und gemeindlichen Handelns rezipiert.
In times of rapid urbanization, municipalities have become increasingly relevant actors on the world stage, setting up networks, cooperating with international organisations and implementing international law. Helmut Philipp Aust analyses this development in light of constitutional and administrative law aspects as well as applicable international and EU law frameworks.
This article asks why the dispute settlement provisions of the multilateral trading system underwent significant reforms during the negotiations that led to the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995. Why did the leading trading powers accept a highly legalized system that departed from established political–diplomatic forms of settling disputes? The contribution of this article is threefold. First, it complements existing accounts that exclusively focus on the United States with a novel explanation that takes account of contextual factors. Second, it offers an in-depth empirical case study based on interviews with negotiators who were involved and novel archival evidence on the creation of the new WTO dispute settlement system. Third, by unpacking the long-standing puzzle of why states designed a highly legalized system, it addresses selected blind spots of the legalization and the rational design literatures with the aim of providing a better understanding about potential paths leading toward significant changes in legalization.
In Prosecuting Human Rights Offences: Rethinking the Sword Function of Human Rights Law the author explores and explains the extent to which the features of the procedural obligation to investigate, prosecute and punish criminal attacks on human rights determine the contemporary understanding of the function of criminal prosecution. The author provides an innovative and thought-provoking account of the highly topical and largely unexplored topic of the sword function of human rights law. The book contains the first comprehensive and holistic analysis of the procedural obligation to investigate and prosecute human rights offences in the law of the European Convention on Human Rights, which the author puts in the general perspectives of human rights law and criminal procedure.
Stone Sweet, Chung, & Saltzman: Arbitral Lawmaking and State Power: An Empirical Analysis of Investment Arbitration
The paper focuses on arbitral lawmaking (the development of precedent-based frameworks of argumentation and justification), and state responses to that lawmaking (as registered in subsequent treaty-making). We compiled and analyzed information on: (i) all publicly-available awards (n=159) in which tribunals resolved disputes under the headings of expropriation and fair and equitable treatment, and under an umbrella clause; and (ii) investment treaties signed between 2002 and 2015 (n=398), when available in English. The paper reports three main findings. First, in most disputes, investors do not challenge general state measures; when they do, they are far less to prevail than when they contest acts specifically targeting their investments. Second, the evidence does not support the view that arbitral doctrine produces outcomes that are biased against states. In the vast majority of awards, tribunals take seriously the respondent state’s ‘right to regulate’ in the public interest. Third, the regime has not generated strong ‘backlash’ in any systemic sense. States continue to sign investment treaties; the mix of treaty protections on offer has remained remarkably stable; and new treaties have largely consolidated the case law that the most influential tribunals had already developed.
van Hoogstraten, Schrijver, Spijkers, & de Jong: The Art of Making Peace: Lessons Learned from Peace Treaties
This unique volume looks at international peace treaties, at their results, effects and failures. It reflects the outcome of an international conference held in the Peace Palace (The Hague) on the occasion of the Centenary of this institution, which opened its doors on the eve of World War I.
The volume offers the reflections of the leading experts attending the conference and the open debate which followed. The Treaty of Versailles of 1919, the mother of all peace treaties, is the first to be critically discussed. How should this treaty be viewed with the knowledge of today? What are the lessons learned in the light of historic developments? Subsequently, the Dayton Agreement, which sealed the end to the bloody conflict in the former Yougoslavia (1992-1995), and the Sudan Agreement, which came into being after lengthy negotiations in 2005, are analysed in the same way. Finally, the situations which arose in relation to the devastating wars between Iran and Iraq (1980-1988) and between Kuwait and Iraq are discussed. As these states could not reach a settlement themselves, the United Nations Security Council imposed the terms of the ceasefire and peaceful cooperation in important and innovative resolutions.
The book offers additional perspective by looking at the role of judicial settlement by the International Court of Justice or the Permanent Court of Arbitration, vis-a-vis the instrument of political mediation between states with the help of a third party. Mediation can be very effective, but certain conditions are required for it to be successful, conditions which are not easy to bring about in today’s world. Dispute settlement under international law is and continues to be the core business in the Peace Palace.
Wednesday, February 22, 2017
Call for Papers: The Role of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: Jurisprudential Advances and New Responses
- Giorgio Sacerdoti, La contribution de l'organe d'appel de l'OMC à la construction du droit international économique : système commercial mutilatéral, accords régionaux , droit de l'investissement
- Anne Choquet, Des drones à des fins touristiques en Antarctique?: De l'intérêt d'un moratoire avant un cdre réglementaire spécifique
- Maïa-Oumeïma Hamrouni, Les juridictions européennes et l'article 103 de la charte des Nations Unies: A propos de l'affaire Kadi devant la Cour de justice de l'Union européenne et de l'affaire Al-Dulimi devant la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme