Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Börnsen: Nationales Recht in Investitionsschiedsverfahren

Nils Börnsen has published Nationales Recht in Investitionsschiedsverfahren (Mohr Siebeck 2016). Here's the abstract:

Das Verhältnis von Völkerrecht und nationalem Recht wird meist im Hinblick auf die Rezeption von Völkerrecht im nationalen Recht betrachtet. Dabei findet an vielen Stellen umgekehrt auch nationales Recht Eingang ins Völkerrecht und wird als solches in Entscheidungen internationaler Gerichte vielfach angewendet. Nils Börnsen untersucht die theoretischen Grundlagen der Anwendbarkeit nationalen Rechts im Völkerrecht anhand einer Betrachtung des Investitionsschutzrechts. Er untersucht dabei Existenz und Gestalt eines völkerrechtlichen Rechtsanwendungsrechts. Neben der Bestimmung der konkreten Rechtsgrundlagen für die Anwendung nationalen Rechts in Form von Verweisen untersucht er auch die Frage der richtigen Bestimmung und Auslegung des nationalen Rechts. Dem schließt sich eine Betrachtung der Grenzen der Anwendung nationalen Rechts im Falle von Normkonflikten zwischen Völkerrecht und anwendbarem nationalen Recht an. Hierbei kommen verschiedene rechtsordnungsinterne und -externe Kollisionsregeln einschließlich des Internationalen Ordre Public zur Anwendung.

Domestic law is often part of the applicable law for international courts and tribunals, especially in investor-state dispute settlement cases. Applicability, determination and interpretation of domestic law are governed by the conflict-of-laws rules of international law, which also provide a set of rules for the resolution of conflicts of norms between applicable domestic law and international law.

Bhandari: Global Constitutionalism and the Path of International Law

Surendra Bhandari (Ritsumeikan Univ. - Law) has published Global Constitutionalism and the Path of International Law: Transformation of Law and State in the Globalized World (Brill | Nijhoff 2016). Here's the abstract:
In Global Constitutionalism and the Path of International Law, Surendra Bhandari succinctly offers an account of the most important growth and features of international law from the perspectives of global constitutionalism. The author examines the concept from its constitutive features and the operative standards or modus operandi. These two aspects offer a new and innovative methodology in explicating the theory of ‘global constitutionalism’. By examining three cases: international trade (WTO), human rights, and the role of Security Council, the author demonstrates how the idea of global constitutionalism is shaping and deepening the path of international law in the 21st century and elucidates the development of international law as a body of positive rules.

Monday, January 23, 2017

Symposium: Reconsidering the Tax Treaty

The latest issue of the Brooklyn Journal of International Law (Vol. 41, no. 3, 2016) contains a symposium on "Reconsidering the Tax Treaty." Contents include:
  • Symposium: Reconsidering the Tax Treaty
    • Steven A. Dean & Rebecca M. Kysar, Introduction: Reconsidering the Tax Treaty
    • Yariv Brauner, Treaties in the Aftermath of BEPS
    • Allison Christians & Alexander Ezenagu, Kill-Switches in the U.S. Model Tax Treaty
    • Tsilly Dagan, Tax Treaties as a Network Product
    • Mitchell A. Kane, Location Savings and Segmented Factor Input Markets: In Search of a Tax Treaty Solution
    • Michael S. Kirsch, Tax Treaties and the Taxation of Services in the Absence of Physical Presence
    • Omri Marian, Unilateral Responses to Tax Treaty Abuse: A Functional Approach
    • Diane Ring, When International Tax Agreements Fail at Home: A U.S. Example
    • Adam H. Rosenzweig, “Thinking Outside the (Tax) Treaty” Revisited
    • Fadi Shaheen, How Reform-Friendly Are U.S. Tax Treaties?
    • Daniel Shaviro, The Two Faces of the Single Tax Principle

Call for Papers/Appel à contributions: Training, Ideas and Practices. The Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century

A call for papers has been issued for a conference on "Training, Ideas and Practices. The Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century," to take place May 18-19, 2017, in Paris. Here's the call:


Training, Ideas and Practices. The Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century

(Paris, 18-19 May 2017)

The purpose of this conference is to explore the roots of international law and the various concepts related to the “law of nations” by looking at the legal language of diplomats and foreign offices in Europe during the long eighteenth century. The conference also aims to render the variety and complexity of specific mechanisms through which the law of nations was applied for diplomatic use, to explore social and cultural aspects, and to investigate the practical questions that diplomats frequently faced (N. Drocourt & E. Schnakenbourg (eds.), Thémis en diplomatie, PURennes, 2016).

The relationship between diplomacy and the law of nations is at best ambiguous. On the one hand, the law of nations seems to be a hybrid product of philosophical concepts and a digest of diplomatic practice. Lawyers have difficulty resisting the temptation to write a purely academic or genealogical history of the law of nations. The frequent invocation of authors such as Vattel as an authority seems to support this (P. Haggenmacher & V. Chetail (eds.), Vattel’s International Law from a XXIst Century Perspective, Brill, 2011). On the other hand, interaction in negotiations involves a lot more than invoked legal principles. A thorough analysis of diplomatic practice often reveals implicit rules within diplomacy as a social field (P. Bourdieu, Sur l’Etat, Seuil, 2012). Legal arguments are a part of this microcosm, but geopolitical determinants and state interests can bend and bow the use of legal language.

One of the main issues of this conference will be whether law of nations theories influenced diplomatic practice and at the same time whether diplomatic practice altered traditional law of nations concepts. Through fruitful dialogue between young legal historians, historians of political thought and historians of politics from France, Germany and other parts of Europe, we would like to explore and investigate three different scenarios in which law of nations theories emerged both in the practice and the doctrine of diplomacy:

1) Training of diplomats

Was the law of nations the basis of diplomatic education? Did diplomats also receive specific, in-house, foreign affairs training? Was it only theoretical or also based on practice and experience? Was there already a form of professionalisation of diplomats, especially in view of later developments in the 19th century (L. Nuzzo & M. Vec (dir.), Constructing International Law – The Birth of a Discipline, V. Klostermann, 2012)? Finally, to what extent can we envisage a common European diplomatic culture?

2) Circulation of ideas and diplomatic networks

What was the legal and intellectual background of the various traités du droit des gens? To what extent were legal expertise (G. Braun, La connaissance du Saint-Empire en France du baroque aux Lumières (1643-1756), De Gruyter, 2010) or legal rhetorics pragmatic tools used in everyday politics? For whom did thinkers such as Abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658-1743) write their treatises? The sovereign? Legal advisers? Public opinion? If the law of nations formed a kind of a common European diplomatic culture, how did it spread throughout Europe? Can we identify the same use in various diplomatic flows of the time? How were diplomatic networks organised? Can we find examples of specific territories - such as the principalities of Walachia and Moldova, between the Ottoman Empire and the “European” powers – functioning as kinds of “diplomatic hubs”?

3) Transformation

Is the diplomatic habitus of the Vienna Congress a turning point? Where did the transition from the 18th to the 19th century take place, both in theory and in practice? How important was the impact of Enlightenment and French Revolutionary thought (M. Bélissa, Fraternité universelle et intérêt national, 1713-1795, Kimé, 1998)? How far can we find echoes in diplomatic culture and correspondence?

We kindly invite young scholars (up to 6 years after PhD) to present their new research within French-German and European perspectives. All applications must be sent by 20 February 2017 with a short CV (5 to 10 lines) and a proposal of 400 words to diplomacyconference2017@gmail.com. Results will be communicated by 15 March 2017. This conference has received the generous support of the CIERA (Centre interdisciplinaire d'études et de recherches sur l'Allemagne, www.ciera.fr) as a colloque junior and will take place on the 18th (afternoon) and 19th (morning) of May 2017.

Papers can be presented in English, French or German. A peer-reviewed publication of the proceedings is envisaged.

Organising Committee

Raphael Cahen (Orléans/VUB-FWO)
Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Antwerp/Ghent-FWO)
Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina

Scientific Committee

Jacques Bouineau (La Rochelle)
Paul De Hert (VUB)
Dirk Heirbaut (Ghent)
Christine Lebeau (Paris I)
Gabriella Silvestrini (Piemonte Orientale)
Matthias Schmoeckel (Bonn)
Antonio Trampus (Venezia)
Miloš Vec (Vienna)

* * * * *


Formation, idées et pratique. Le droit des gens dans le long dix-huitième siècle

(Paris, 18-19 mai 2017)

Les origines du droit international et les divers concepts du « droit des gens » seront au cœur d’une rencontre scientifique, portant sur l’étude du langage juridique des diplomates et des chancelleries européennes pendant le long dix-huitième siècle. Les mécanismes d’application spécifiques à travers lesquels le droit des gens fut invoqué pour une utilisation diplomatique ne se conçoivent pas en dehors des aspects culturels et sociaux, ou des problèmes pratiques que les diplomates avaient à trancher (N. Drocourt & E. Schnakenbourg (dir.), Thémis en diplomatie, PU Rennes, 2016).

La relation entre la diplomatie et le droit des gens est ambiguë. D’une part, le droit des gens semble un produit hybride de concepts philosophiques et une cristallisation de pratique diplomatique. Les juristes peinent à résister la tentation d’écrire une histoire purement académique ou généalogique du droit des gens. L’invocation fréquente d’auteurs tels que Vattel en est une indication courante (P. Haggenmacher & V. Chetail (dir.), Vattel’s International Law from a XXIst Century Perspective, Brill, 2011). Néanmoins, l’interaction de la négociation entraîne bien plus qu’une invocation de principes juridiques. Une analyse rigoureuse de la pratique diplomatique révèle des règles implicites au sein de la diplomatie comme champ social (P. Bourdieu, Sur l’Etat, Seuil, 2012). L’argumentation juridique relève de ce microcosme et doit donc être apprécié dans une sociabilité qui transcende les traditions juridiques nationales (L. Bély, L’art de la paix en Europe : naissance de la diplomatie moderne, XVIe-XVIIIe siècle, PUF, 2007). Toutefois, les déterminants géopolitiques et les intérêts d’État peuvent amender ou infléchir l’utilisation d’arguments juridiques.

Une question centrale sera d’essayer de savoir si les théories du droit des gens ont influé la pratique diplomatique, et si de son côté la pratique diplomatique a réussi à changer les concepts traditionnels du droit des gens. Un échange fructueux entre jeunes historiens du droit, historiens de la pensée politique et historiens « du politique » de France, d’Allemagne et d’autres traditions intellectuelles européennes permettra d’explorer trois scénarios différents à travers lesquels les théories du droit des gens émergeaient aussi bien en pratique qu’en doctrine diplomatique.

1) Formation des diplomates

Le droit des gens constituait-il le cœur de la formation diplomatique ? Qu’en fut-il des enseignements pratiques, organisés par les administrations étatiques des affaires étrangères ? Quel était le rapport entre les connaissances tirées de l’objet même de la négociation (la pratique) et celle dérivée des écrits qui font autorité dans nos traditions scientifiques ? Pouvait-on vraiment parler de professionnalisation, également eu égard aux développements du XIXe (L. Nuzzo & M. Vec (dir.), Constructing International Law – The Birth of a Discipline, V. Klostermann, 2012) ? Finalement, qu’en fut-il du caractère commun ou européen de la culture diplomatique des divers corps ?

2) Circulation des idées et réseaux diplomatiques

Les traités dévoués au droit des gens sont souvent étudiés en isolement, hors contexte, dans leur lignée intellectuelle ou académique. Cependant, qu’en fut-il de leur utilisation pratique ou de celle de l’expertise juridique plus générale (G. Braun, La connaissance du Saint-Empire en France du baroque aux Lumières (1643-1756), De Gruyter, 2010), comme outil rhétorique dans la politique quotidienne ? À qui s’adressaient les traités de penseurs comme l’abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658-1743) ? Le souverain, ou bien ses conseillers juridiques, ou bien l’opinion de la république des lettres ? Si le droit des gens constituait une sorte de culture diplomatique européenne commune, comment se diffusait-elle sur le continent ? Peut-on identifier des usages similaires dans les flux diplomatiques ? Comment les réseaux s’organisaient-ils ? Peut-on identifier des carrefours diplomatiques, tels que les principautés de Valachie et Moldavie, entre l’Empire Ottoman et les puissances européennes ?

3) Transformation

Le Congrès de Vienne (1815) fut-il vraiment un tournant pour le droit des gens ? Si nous pouvons identifier une transition, relève-t-elle de la doctrine juridique ou plutôt des idées politiques ? À quel degré la pensée des Lumières et de la Révolution a-t-elle impacté le droit des gens classique (M. Bélissa, Fraternité universelle et intérêt national, 1713-1795, Kimé, 1998) ? Dans quelle mesure la correspondance diplomatique en fut-elle le témoin ?

Nous invitons les jeunes chercheurs (jusqu’à six ans après soutenance de la thèse de doctorat) à présenter leurs recherches nouvelles, dans une perspective franco-allemande et européenne. Les propositions doivent être envoyées pour le 20 février 2017 au plus tard, accompagnées d’un CV concis (5 à 10 lignes) et d’un résumé de 400 mots au maximum (diplomacyconference2017@gmail.com). Les résultats seront communiqués pour le 15 mars 2017 au plus tard.

La conférence a reçu le soutien du CIERA (Centre interdisciplinaire d’études et de recherches sur l’Allemagne, www.ciera.fr) en tant que colloque junior. Elle aura lieu à Paris, le 18 mai 2017 (à la Maison de la Recherche), et le 19 mai 2017 (Fondation Biermans-Lapôtre, Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris). Les contributions peuvent être présentées en anglais, français ou allemand. Les frais de déplacement et d'hébergement pourront être pris en charge sous certaines conditions. Une publication soumise au contrôle des pairs est envisagée.

Comité organisateur

Raphael Cahen (VUB-FWO/Orléans-POLEN)
Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Anvers/Gand-FWO)
Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina

Comité scientifique

Jacques Bouineau (La Rochelle)
Paul De Hert (VUB)
Dirk Heirbaut (Gand)
Christine Lebeau (Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne)
Gabriella Silvestrini (Piemonte Orientale)
Matthias Schmoeckel (Bonn)
Antonio Trampus (Venise)
Miloš Vec (Vienne)

New Issue: Revue Générale de Droit International Public

The latest issue of the Revue Générale de Droit International Public (Vol. 120, no. 3, 2016) is out. Contents include:
  • Ouverture
    • Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade, Le Droit International contemporain et la personne humaine
  • Articles
    • Abdoulaye Soma, Le regionalisme africain en Droit international penal
    • Sabrina Rovert-Cuendet, Crise ou renouveau du Droit des investissements internationaux? : réflexions sur l'objet des mécanismes de protection des investisseurs étrangers
    • Catherine Colard-Fabregoule, Les principes directeurs de l'OCDE a l'egard des multinationals : contribution à l'étude de la circulation normative et au dialogue entre institutions à l'aune de l'exemple de la gouvernance environnementale

New Volume: Spanish Yearbook of International Law

The latest volume of the Spanish Yearbook of International Law (Vol. 19, 2015) is out. Contents include:
  • The Classics’ Corner
    • Oriol Casanovas y La Rosa, A debate over International Economic Law: The discussion between Adolfo Miaja de la Muela and Mariano Aguilar Navarro in 1971/72
  • General Articles
    • Nuria González Martín, Non Exceptional Exceptions: The Latest on The United State of America and Mexico Supreme Courts’ Hague Abduction Decisions (Lozano and Direct Amparo under Revision 903/2014)
    • José Martín y Pérez de Nanclares, Legal considerations regarding a hypothetical unilateral declaration of independence by Catalonia: a legally unfeasible political scenario
    • José Manuel Sobrino Heredia & Gabriela A. Oanta, The Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements of the European Union and the Objectives of the Common Fisheries Policy : Fisheries and/or Development?
    • Ana Peyró Llopis, Building a Security Council Resolution: When Numbers on Illicit Activities Matter
  • Forum: As time goes by: Spain in the UN at 60s and EU at 30s!
    • Xavier Pons Rafols, Spain in the United Nations: Sixtieth Anniversary
    • Francisco Aldecoa Luzárraga, Spain’s contribution to the advancement and consolidation of the European political union
  • Agora: The extraterritorial application of EU Law
    • Montserrat Abad Castelos & Laura Carballo Piñeiro, An introduction by the guest co-editors of the Agora
    • Carmen Pérez González, On Transparency, Good Governance and the Fight against Corruption: Some Lessons (and Questions) from an International Law Perspective
    • María Asunción Cebrian Salvat, The Extraterritorial Application of European Contract Law
    • Marta Ortega Gómez, European Union Intellectual Property Standards in the Framework of the ongoing Negotiations of a Free Trade Agreement between the EU and India
    • Anabela Susana de Sousa Gonçalves, The extraterritorial application of the EU Directive on data protection
    • Yi-Hsuan Chen, The EU Data Protection Law Reform: Challenges for Service Trade Liberalization and Possible Approaches for Harmonizing Privacy Standards into the Context of GATS
    • Mistale Taylor, Flying from the EU to the US: necessary extraterritorial legal diffusion in the US-EU Passenger Name Record agreement
    • Martyna Kusak, The Standards for Protection of Financial Information Gathered Within EU-US Cooperation in Criminal Matters. An Outline of the Existing Legal Framework and New Initiatives in Personal Data Protection
    • Nesrin Suleiman, Concentrations between Non-European Enterprises and the European Merger Control Regulation
    • Ricardo Pereira, The External Dimensions of the EU Legislative Initiatives to Combat Environmental Crime
    • Nelson F. Coelho, Extraterritoriality from the Port: EU’s approach to jurisdiction over ship-source pollution

Thévenot-Werner: Le droit des agents internationaux à un recours effectif

Anne-Marie Thévenot-Werner (Université Paris 2 Panthéon Assas - Law) has published Le droit des agents internationaux à un recours effectif : Vers un droit commun de la procédure administrative internationale (Brill | Nijhoff 2016). Here's the abstract:

The right of international agents to an effective remedy demonstrates the existence of a common legal framework which applies to all international organisations and provides for the right to an effective remedy not only of their international civil servants, but of all their agents. At the same time, the study points out the deficiencies in the implementation of this right from the moment of the crystallisation of the dispute to the execution of the judgement. The detailed analysis of the legal framework within international organisations as well as of the international administrative case law of over twenty tribunals by Anne-Marie Thévenot-Werner serves as a guide for practitioners and researchers wishing to engage in this little-known but rich field.

Le droit des agents internationaux à un recours effectif met en lumière l’existence d’un cadre juridique commun applicable à toutes les organisations internationales prévoyant le droit à un recours effectif non seulement de leurs fonctionnaires, mais de tous leurs agents. Dans le même temps, l’étude met le doigt sur des lacunes dans la mise en œuvre de ce droit dès l’instant de la cristallisation du différend jusqu’à l’exécution du jugement. L’analyse détaillée des dispositions des organisations internationales et de la jurisprudence administrative internationale de plus d’une vingtaine de juridictions menée par Anne-Marie Thévenot-Werner sert ainsi de guide pour le praticien et pour le chercheur souhaitant s’immerger dans ce domaine méconnu mais dont la substance est particulièrement riche.

Workshop: Oceans and Space: New Frontiers in Investment Protection?

On March 10-11, 2017, Rainer Hofmann (Univ. of Frankfurt), Stephan W. Schill (Univ. of Amsterdam), and Christian J. Tams (Univ. of Glasgow) will again convene the Frankfurt Investment Law Workshop. The topic is: "Oceans and Space: New Frontiers in Investment Protection?" The program is here. Here's the idea:

Frankfurt Investment Law Workshop 2017: Oceans and Space: New Frontiers in Investment Protection? (10-11 March 2017)

For many years, the Frankfurt Investment Law Workshop – jointly organized by Rainer Hofmann (Frankfurt), Stephan W. Schill (Amsterdam), and Christian J. Tams (Glasgow) – has been a forum for the discussion of foundational issues of international investment law.

With activities ranging from energy production at sea via deep seabed mining to space mining, spacefaring and space tourism, areas beyond territorial sovereignty increasingly attract foreign investment. These investments raise questions that go to the core of investment law, but have so far hardly been explored, such as: How are commercial activities on the oceans or in space protected against political risk? What law, if any, protects them, and how does it balance commercial interests against regulatory concerns, including the environmental protection, national security, and the common heritage of mankind? How can disputes be settled in an effective and balanced manner?

The 2017 Frankfurt Investment Law Workshop will offer a systematic analysis of these issues by inquiring into traditional sources of investment protection, such as investment treaties, contractual arrangements, and domestic laws, and by addressing the interaction of the law of the sea, space law and international investment law. The Workshop will bring together academics and practitioners and provide them with a forum for open and frank exchanges. The Workshop program is available here; for edited collections that have grown out of earlier Frankfurt Investment Law Workshops see here, here, here and here.

If you are interested in attending, please contact Sabine Schimpf, Merton Centre for European Integration and International Economic Order, University of Frankfurt, E-Mail: S.Schimpf@jur.uni-frankfurt.de by 28 February 2017.

Sunday, January 22, 2017

Delimatsis: Research Handbook on Climate Change and Trade Law

Panagiotis Delimatsis (Tilburg Univ. - Law) has published Research Handbook on Climate Change and Trade Law (Edward Elgar Publishing 2016). Contents include:
  • Panagiotis Delimatsis, Introduction: Climate change and trade law—challenges for governance and coordination
  • Thomas Cottier & Tetyana Payosova, Common Concern and the Legitimacy of the WTO in Dealing with Climate Change
  • Anastasios Gourgourinis, Common but Differentiated Responsibilities in Transnational Climate Change Governance and the WTO: A Tale of Two ‘Interconnected Worlds’ or a Tale of Two ‘Crossing Swords’?
  • Krista Nadakavukaren Schefer & Pablo Arnaiz, Duty to Protect, Climate Change and Trade
  • Erich Vranes, Carbon Taxes, PPMs and the GATT
  • Joel P. Trachtman, WTO Law Constraints on Carbon Credit Mechanisms and Export Border Tax Adjustments
  • Sadeq Z. Bigdeli, Feed-in Tariffs and the WTO Regulation of Subsidies – A Moment of Progressive Adjudication in Canada – Renewable Energy
  • Panagiotis Delimatsis, Sustainable Standard-Setting, Climate Change and the TBT Agreement
  • Michaël Alder, Aik Hoe Lim, & Ruosi Zhang, Climate Change and Services Trade: What Role for the GATS?
  • Matthew Rimmer, Trade Wars in the TRIPS Council: Intellectual Property, Technology Transfer, and Climate Change
  • Vitaliy Pogoretskyy & Sergii Melnyk, Energy security, climate change and trade: does the WTO provide for a viable framework for sustainable energy security?
  • Joseph A. McMahon, Food Security and Agricultural Trade: An Early Warning for Climate Change!
  • Mark Wu, The WTO Environmental Goods Agreement: From Multilateralism to Plurilateralism
  • Roy Andrew Partain, Climate Change, Green Paradox Models and International Trade Rules
  • Margaret A. Young, Trade Measures to Address Climate Change: Territory and Extraterritoriality
  • Emily Reid, EU Climate Law and the WTO
  • Floor Fleurke, EU Climate Law and Human Rights: New Prospects for Judicial Environmental Activism?
  • James Munro, Climate Change in the TPP and the TTIP
  • Angelos Dimopoulos, Climate Change and Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Identifying the Linkages
  • J. Anthony VanDuzer, The Complex Relationship between International Investment Law and Climate Change Initiatives: Exploring the Tension
  • Julien Chaisse, Rules and Disputes on Foreign Investment in Renewable Energies – Exploring the Nexus of Trade and Investment Treaties
  • Ludivine Tamiotti & Daniel Ramos, Climate change mitigation and the WTO framework

Breau & Samuel: Research Handbook on Disasters and International Law

Susan C. Breau (Univ. of Reading - Law) & Katja L.H. Samuel (Univ. of Reading - Law) have published Research Handbook on Disasters and International Law (Edward Elgar Publishing 2016). Contents include:
  • Susan C. Breau & Katja L.H. Samuel, Introduction
  • Christopher Newdick, Global Capitalism and the Crisis of the Public Interest – Sleepwalking Into Disaster
  • Kirsten Nakjavani Bookmiller, Closing ‘The Yawning Gap’? International Disaster Response Law at Fifteen
  • Susan C. Breau, Responses by States
  • Kristian Cedervall Lauta, Human Rights and Natural Disasters
  • Evelyne Schmid, Adverse human agency and disasters: a role for international criminal law?
  • Tilman Rodenhäuser & Gilles Giacca, The international humanitarian law framework for humanitarian relief during armed conflicts and complex emergencies
  • Tim Stephens, Disasters, international environmental law and the Anthropocene
  • Tahmina Karimova, Sustainable Development and Disasters
  • Leïla Choukroune, Disasters and international trade and investment law – the state’s regulatory autonomy between risk protection and exception justification
  • Stefano Silingardi, Responses by private corporations
  • Anastasia Telesetsky, An evolving role for law and policy in addressing food security before, during and after a disaster
  • Tade Oyewunmi, Security implications of conflicts, crises and disasters in the international energy industry: legal and policy considerations
  • Hà Lê Phan & Inga T. Winkler, Water security
  • Marie Aronsson-Storrier & Haythem Salama, Tackling water contamination: Development, human rights and disaster risk reduction
  • Michael Eburn, The international law of wildfires
  • Walter Kälin & Hannah Entwisle Chapuisat, Displacement in the context of disasters and adverse effects of climate change
  • Mary Crock, The Protection of Vulnerable Groups
  • James A. Green, Disasters Caused in Cyberspace
  • Simon Whitbourn, National Contingency Planning
  • Thérèse O’Donnell & Craig Allan, A Duty of Solidarity?: the International Law Commission’s Draft Articles and the right to offer assistance in disasters
  • Alison Bisset, Building Resilience in Post-Conflict Disaster Contexts: Children and Transitional Justice
  • Lawrence Hill-Cawthorne, Dispute Settlement in the Aftermath of Disasters

Saturday, January 21, 2017

Call for Papers: International Law in Crisis

The chairs of the section "International Law in Crisis" at the 11th Pan-European Conference on International Relations on "The Politics of International Studies in an Age of Crises" invite proposals for papers and panels. Here's the call:


EISA 11th Pan-European Conference on International Relations

Barcelona, 13-16 September 2017

As section chairs, we cordially invite you to submit your proposal for the section:

S21 - International Law in Crisis


International law thrives on crisis. It is involved in almost any crisis imaginable: it attempts to regulate crisis, to prevent crisis, to manage crisis, but it is also complicit through framing and enabling crisis and response. Moreover, international law itself seems to be in a perpetual state of crisis: its norms, its concepts, its institutions, its advocates, its relation to politics, and even its foundations. Political and legal categories that used to form the basis of modern international order are disrupted by challenges to the primacy of states, by the growing prominence of other actors, a changing focus on cosmopolitan values, developments in global politics, the increasing heterogeneity of juridical practices, and novel forms of socio-legal organization. These transformations can be slow and steady, yet more often cause international consternation and crisis talk.

This section aims to explore international law and its crises on multiple levels. Examples can range from tangible current crises such as the International Criminal Court facing an exodus of African states, to international law’s complicity in the refugee crisis, and further to more theoretical discussions of the identity crisis of international law as an academic discipline especially in relation to IR. The panels will address the intertwinement of disruption and development and discuss how international law shapes and is shaped in (response to) crisis.

We welcome individual paper proposals as well as full panel proposals. The section is particularly interested in papers that discuss one of the following panel themes:

(1) Concepts in Crisis
(2) (Inter)disciplinarity in Crisis
(3) Institutions in Crisis
(4) The Right to Crisis
(5) Complicity in Crisis

To submit your proposal (200 words max), please follow this link.

The closing date for paper and panel proposals is midnight (CET) on Friday 10 February 2017.

Section Chairs:

Renske Vos (University of Edinburgh/CePTL/VU Amsterdam) – r.n.vos@sms.ed.ak.uk
Sofia Stolk (VU Amsterdam/CePTL) – sofia.stolk@vu.nl

Friday, January 20, 2017

Call for Papers: Water-Energy-Food Nexus and Environmental Sustainability (Reminder)

The Interest Group on International Environmental Law of the European Society of International Law has issued a call for papers for an agora proposal for ESIL's 2017 Annual Conference in Naples (or alternatively for a workshop to take place immediately prior to the conference). The call is here. The deadline is January 24, 2017.

New Issue: Climate Law

The latest issue of Climate Law (Vol. 7, no. 1, 2017) is out. Contents include:
  • Jonathan Verschuuren, Towards a Regulatory Design for Reducing Emissions from Agriculture: Lessons from Australia’s Carbon Farming Initiative

"Live from L": International Law and the South China Sea

On February 22, 2017, the 7th Annual "Live from L" will be held at George Washington University Law School, featuring members of the Office of the Legal Adviser, U.S. Department of State. The topic is "International Law and the South China Sea." The program is here.

Sykes: Regulatory Consistency Requirements in International Trade

Alan O. Sykes (Stanford Univ. - Law) has posted Regulatory Consistency Requirements in International Trade. Here's the abstract:
One of the most challenging tasks for international trade agreements is to distinguish protectionist regulation from legitimate regulatory policies. An important set of tools in this regard may be termed "regulatory consistency requirements." These include the national treatment obligation of GATT, which requires that imported goods be treated no less favorably than "like" domestic goods by regulators. Further consistency requirements were introduced at the formation of the WTO, requiring among other things that importing nations not make arbitrary distinctions in their regulatory approaches to similar problems in a manner that disadvantages imports. These consistency requirements allow challenges to domestic regulation based on disparate policies toward different products and industries (such as beef and pork, or salmon and baitfish). This paper explores the economic logic and legal scope of consistency requirements in WTO law, and argues that inter-industry consistency obligations are largely unhelpful both in theory and in practice for the identification of protectionist regulation.

de Brouwer & Smeulers: The Elgar Companion to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Anne-Marie de Brouwer (Tilburg Univ. - Law) & Alette Smeulers (Univ. of Groningen - Law) have published The Elgar Companion to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (Edward Elgar Publishing 2016). Contents include:
  • Navanethem Pillay, Foreword
  • Anne-Marie de Brouwer & Alette Smeulers, Introduction
  • Helen Hintjens, The Creation of the ICTR
  • Barbora Holá & Alette Smeulers, Rwanda and the ICTR: Facts and Figures
  • Payam Akhavan, Genocide
  • Valerie Oosterveld, Crimes Against Humanity
  • Felix Mukwiza Ndahinda, War Crimes
  • Anne-Marie de Brouwer & Usta Kaitesi, Sexual Violence
  • Kai Ambos & Stefanie Bock, Individual Criminal Responsibility
  • Alex Odora-Obote, Investigations and Case Selection
  • Christophe Paulussen, Arrest and Transfer
  • George William Mugwanya, Trial and Appeal Processes
  • Nancy Amoury Combs, The Evidentiary System
  • Caroline Buisman, The Rights of the Defence
  • Rosette Muzigo-Morrison, The Rights of the Victims
  • Mark A. Drumbl, Sentencing and Penalties
  • Hassan Bubacar Jallow, The ICTR’s Elaboration of the Core International Crimes of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes and Modes of Liability
  • Francois-Xavier Nsanzuwera, Contribution of the ICTR for Rwandans

New Additions to the UN Audiovisual Library of International Law

The Codification Division of the UN Office of Legal Affairs recently added two lectures to the UN Audiovisual Library of International Law. They were given by Concepción Escobar Hernández on “La Corte Penal Internacional” and “La Corte Internacional de Justicia: 70 años después.”

New Issue: ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal

The latest issue of the ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal (Vol. 32, no. 1, Winter 2017) is out. Contents include:
  • 2016 Lalive Lecture
    • Michael Wood, Choosing between Arbitration and a Permanent Court: Lessons from Inter-State Cases
  • Articles
    • Emmanuel Gaillard, Abuse of Process in International Arbitration
    • Piero Bernardini, Reforming Investor–State Dispute Settlement: The Need to Balance Both Parties’ Interests
    • Jean Ho, Investment Protection Under Successive Treaties
    • S. Mullen & E. Whitsitt, ICSID and Legislative Consent to Arbitrate: Questions of Applicable Law
    • Patrick Dumberry, The Importation of the FET Standard through MFN Clauses: An Empirical Study of BITs
    • Epaminontas E. Triantafilou, Contemporaneity and Evolutive Interpretation under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
    • Odysseas G. Repousis, The Application of Investment Treaties to Overseas Territories and the Uncertain Provisional Application of the Energy Charter Treaty to Gibraltar
    • Markus Burgstaller & Jonathan Ketcheson, Should Expropriation Risk Be Taken into Account in the Assessment of Damages?
  • Note
    • Grant Hanessian & Kabir Duggal, The Final 2015 Indian Model BIT: Is This the Change the World Wishes to See?

Sauvé & Roy: Research Handbook on Trade in Services

Pierre Sauvé (Univ. of Bern - World Trade Institute) & Martin Roy (World Trade Organization) have published Research Handbook on Trade in Services (Edward Elgar Publishing 2016). Contents include:
  • Pierre Sauvé & Martin Roy, Introduction and Overview
  • Martin Roy, Charting the evolving landscape of services trade policies: Recent patterns of protection and liberalization
  • Andreas Maurer, Joscelyn Magdeleine & Rainer Lanz, Measuring trade in services in a world of global value chains
  • Sébastien Miroudot & Ben Shepherd, Trade costs and global value chains in services
  • Erik van der Marel, Ricardo does services: Service sector regulation and comparative advantage in goods
  • Anirudh Shingal, Going beyond the 0/1 dummy: Estimating the effect of heterogeneous provisions in services agreements on services trade
  • Sebastian Sáez & Daria Taglioni, Nurturing the competitiveness of services exports: Metrics and policy options
  • Martin Molinuevo & Sebastián Sáez, Services trade and regulatory reform: A methodology for developing countries
  • Eric H. Leroux, Twenty years of GATS case law: Does it taste like a good wine?
  • Markus Krajewski, Domestic regulation and services trade: Lessons from regional and bilateral free trade agreements
  • Bernard M. Hoekman & Petros C. Mavroidis, A technical barriers to trade agreement for services?
  • Panagiotis Delimatsis, Standard-setting in services: New frontiers in rule-making and the role of the EU
  • Sherry Stephenson & Gary C. Hufbauer, Services and state-owned enterprises
  • Mira Burri, Designing future-oriented multilateral rules for digital trade
  • L. Lee Tuthill, Cross-border data flows: What role for trade rules?
  • Tomer Broude & Shai Moses, The behavioural dynamics of positive and negative listing in services trade liberalization: A look at the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) negotiations
  • Rupa Chanda, Demographics and labour markets: Implications for mode 4 trade
  • Andrew Berry, Timon Bohn & Nanno Mulder, The changing landscape of global trade in business services and value chains: Are emerging economies taking over?
  • Joseph Wilson, Opening services markets in developing countries: What role for competition law?
  • Craig VanGrasstek & Mina Mashayekhi, The services trade agreements of developing countries
  • Pierre Sauvé & Natasha Ward, A trade in services waiver for least developed countries: Towards workable proposals
  • Gabriel Gari, Services negotiations: Where have we been and where are we heading?

Thursday, January 19, 2017

Call for Papers: ANZSIL 25th Annual Conference (Reminder)

The Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law has issued a call for papers for its 25th Annual Conference, to take place June 29-July 1, 2017, in Canberra. The theme is "Sustaining the International Legal Order in an Era of Rising Nationalism." The call is here. The deadline is February 24, 2017.

Call for Submissions: International Commercial and Investment Disputes in and with India

Transnational Dispute Management has issued a call for submissions for a TDM special issue on "International Commercial and Investment Disputes in and with India." The call is here.

Lübbe-Wolff: Democracy, Separation of Powers, and International Treaty-making

Gertrude Lübbe-Wolff (Universität Bielefeld - Law; formerly, Judge, Bundesverfassungsgericht, Germany) has published Democracy, Separation of Powers, and International Treaty-making The example of TTIP (Current Legal Problems, Vol. 69, pp. 175-198, 2016). Here's the abstract:

An ever greater part of our national law is determined by international and supranational law. I will argue that in present circumstances, existing frameworks and practices concerning international treaty-making on European Union (EU) and national levels, and the underlying concept of separation of powers, are no longer adequate to secure the democratic character of governance by international treaty-making.

The inappropriateness of current practices is best illustrated by treaties such as TTIP, the ‘Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership’, a free trade and investment protection agreement currently negotiated between the EU and the USA. I will therefore give an outline of what TTIP and related free trade agreements (FTAs) are about, and of the rules and practices governing the negotiation and conclusion of such agreements, before I come to explain why some of these rules and practices are untenable, and why and how they ought to be changed.

Reinbold: Seeing the Myth in Human Rights

Jenna Reinbold (Colgate Univ. - Religion) has published Seeing the Myth in Human Rights (Univ. of Pennsylvania Press 2017). Here's the abstract:

The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been called one of the most powerful documents in human history. Today, the mere accusation of violations of the rights outlined in this document cows political leaders and riles the international community. Yet as a nonbinding document with no mechanism for enforcement, it holds almost no legal authority. Indeed, since its adoption, the Declaration's authority has been portrayed not as legal or political but as moral. Rather than providing a set of rules to follow or laws to obey, it represents a set of standards against which the world's societies are measured. It has achieved a level of rhetorical power and influence unlike anything else in modern world politics, becoming the foundational myth of the human rights project.

Seeing the Myth in Human Rights presents an interdisciplinary investigation into the role of mythmaking in the creation and propagation of the Universal Declaration. Pushing beyond conventional understandings of myth, which tend to view such narratives as vehicles either for the spreading of particular religious dogmas or for the spreading of erroneous, even duplicitous, discourses, Jenna Reinbold mobilizes a robust body of scholarship within the field of religious studies to help us appreciate myth as a mode of human labor designed to generate meaning, solidarity, and order. This usage does not merely parallel today's scholarship on myth; it dovetails in unexpected ways with a burgeoning body of scholarship on the origin and function of contemporary human rights, and it puts the field of religious studies into conversation with the fields of political philosophy, critical legal studies, and human rights historiography. For Reinbold, myth is a phenomenon that is not merely germane to the exploration of specific religious narratives but is key to a broader understanding of the nature of political authority in the modern world.

Call for Papers: Is a Multilateral Investment Treaty Needed?

The World Trade Institute at the University of Bern has issued a call for papers for a conference on "Is a Multilateral Investment Treaty Needed?," which will take place on June 19, 2017. The call is here.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017